Human beings should all have 32 teeth, the last ones to erupt, the third molars are often referred to as “Wisdom Teeth”. They begin developing in the jaws during the early teenage years and can appear in the mouth from the age of 16 to 80. Occasionally they develop in the jaw but never come through the gum, in those cases they are considered to be totally impacted.
If your Wisdom Teeth only partially erupt through the gum, or remain buried and impacted, they can cause pain, infection and serious problems.
Evolutionists believe that the human jaw has evolved over many thousands of years and as the human diet has become more refined, the jaw bone has become smaller. Having smaller jaws often leaves little room for the last of the erupting teeth (wisdom teeth) and they often struggle to naturally move into a healthy and functional position.
Impacted wisdom teeth may cause problems at any life stage. It may be recommended that these teeth are removed as a preventative measure if they are not in their correct position or if they appear on a radiograph (X-ray) to be heading in a direction that will not see them emerge properly into the mouth. Other reasons for wisdom tooth removal include decay of the wisdom tooth or adjacent tooth, pressure pain, infection, bone loss and for orthodontic reasons.
The risks and possible complications associated with wisdom teeth removal increase with age. About the age of 26, the risks seem to increase significantly and continue to increase throughout life.
At CDIC, we carry out a wisdom tooth evaluation and screenings for teenagers and young adults to help predict whether or not their wisdom teeth should be removed as a preventative measure, regardless of any immediate problems.
To make the removal procedure more comfortable, we offer oral sedation or general anaesthesia. Occasionally patients may be referred to an Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon for the removal of their wisdom teeth.